What are Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy(JME) And Janz’s Syndrome?

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What are Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy(JME) And Janz’s Syndrome?

There is no impeccable elucidation for juvenile myoclonic Epilepsy. It is the most prevalent form of epilepsy.

Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy begins in childhood or the era of teenagers. It also evolves a child who is suffering from childhood absence epilepsy (CAE).

  • Myoclonic seizure or jolt in Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy happens after 1 or 2 hours of a nap or waking up in the morning.
  • “myo” means muscle, So in Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, there is the contraction of muscle on both sides of the body.
  • There is jolt-like movement on both sides of the body. Sometimes movement happens only in the fingers, making the person look clumsy or prone to dropping things.
  • In about 1 out of 5 people, myoclonic or muscle contraction occurs on one side of the body.
  • There is disturbing movement in the fingers of a person when a myoclonic seizure brings on. Confusion makes the person look like he is dropping things.
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy evolves jolt movement of both arms and legs. These movements are called Myoclonic jerks or jolts. People with JME usually suffer from other types of seizures.
  • Myoclonic jerks often bring on by inadequate or absence of sleep, change in the sleeping cycle of a person.
  • Fatigue, flashing of lights, drinking too much alcohol, withdrawal of alcohol are the persuasive cause of myoclonic jerks.
  • Mental and emotional stress brought on myoclonic seizures, like extreme sadness, frustration, and excitement.
  • Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is also triggered by TV or video games. light shining through trees. It is also triggered by the flickering of light.
  • Janz’s syndrome is genetically inherited.
  • Seizures alter the behavior pattern of a person who has juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and in addition to it, affects the personal and social life of the person.

 Epilepsy is not the only cause of the seizure, Person can also have seizures from:-

  • High Fever (due to some kind of infection in the brain).
  • Inadequate sleep or disturbance on sleep.
  • The onset of seizure happens after intake of Diuretics. Diuretics further lower the level of sodium in the body, which triggers myoclonic seizures.
  • The onset of seizure due to head injury, which induces internal bleeding.
  • Brain tumor
  • Intake or consumption of barbiturates.
  • heart disease

Consumption of barbiturates, their elucidation, and what are they?

Barbiturates are sedatives-hypnotics, a type of central Nervous system depressant. It is used to treat insomnia, anxiety, seizures, and headaches.

It also comes in use before preoperative sedation procedures.

Barbiturates come under class II classification. It has the potential of forming psychological and physical dependency.

The aftereffects of barbiturates evolve are:

  • Drowsiness –Barbiturates are classified into the group of hypnotic sedation. For sure it causes drowsiness, dizziness. The patient feels sleepy in the daytime also.
  • Headache-Heavy dose of barbiturates for example phenobarbital, pentobarbital, and secobarbital causes headaches in some people.
  • Nausea-it is very common among Class II Classification
  • allergic reaction- it is a very rare condition.


In the current scenario, life is hectic and stressful indeed. Nobody is without the baggage of stress, and in this…I must say stress evolves panic attacks, mood disorders, sleep disorders, poor social and personal life and sometimes stress comes up with seizures.Medical therapy is the only key to have incredibly positive results and normal healthy life.

Lead life with Medication therapy

  • Alprazolam
  • clonazep
  • diazepam

Bezodiazepines are impervious than barbiturates.

  • Sleeping pills like zolpidem help you to get the sleep, that your body needs.
  • Withdrawal of alcohol is not that easy as one thinks.It causes weakness, disturbed body movements, mood disorders are associated with it.
  • Bringing on of seizure is also one of the side-effects of withdrawal of alcohol.
  • Covid-19 infection also triggers a myoclonic seizure.

Unlock Reasons of juvenile myoclonic seizure with Health finder

  • A proper EEG (Electroencephalogram) in untreated individuals shows a typical abnormal EEG pattern, 3-6 HZ generalized polyspike and wave discharge.
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and CT (computed tomography) are normal.


The proper and most effective treatment of Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy is a lifestyle change and minimizes the triggering factors.

  • Change in lifestyle says- no to alcohol, adopt a stress-free life.
  • Make stress management a rule for yourself to have stress free life.
  • Count 10 to 1, it will give you time to think, whether an act or not.
  • Be strict with yourself for medication therapy.
  • Have a positive approach towards life.
  • Start some hobbies like reading a book, writing a diary, gardening, swimming, cycling, dancing, etc.
  • Mindfulness technique like meditation helps a lot in management of stress.
  • Accept that feeling low at times is quite normal.
  • Learn to manage work and time.
  • Spend some quality time with those you love.
  • Do not get aggressive over little things.
  • Seek treatment with a psychologist, if everything fails. Psychologist will make you learn relaxation techniques.
  • Go for a walk in the morning.

Last but not least…Nothing stays forever, not even our wicked problems.

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About author
Hi, I am Dr.Sonia Sondhi. I did B.d.s, PGDHHM(Symbiosis) from Pune. I have started my journey at HealthFinder in wrapping words in colorful ways to make the topic a rainbow.
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Alka Tiwari

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